Clustered palm climbing to 25–30 m. Stems circular in cross section, without leaf sheaths, ca.15 mm in diameter, with, to 25 mm; internodes 10–15 cm long. Leaf sheath longitudinally striate, sparsely to moderately covered with dark brown caducous indumentum; ocrea obliquely truncate, dry, grey-brown, often splitting in conspicuous v-shape on abaxial side, extending to 2 cm; knee linear, 3–3.5 cm long, somewhat abrupt at base. Leaf up to 2.4 m long; rachis 1-1.2m long, abaxially rounded, adaxially flattened or convex, becoming trapezoid then triangular in cross-section distally, armed along the margins with inequidistant black-tipped, bulbous-based spines, sparse brown indumentum present on underside of rachis, absent distally; cirrus up to 1.2 m long, unarmed; leaflets, opposite or sub-opposite, up to 26 on each side of the rachis, linear-lanceolate, broadly contracted at the base, apex narrowly praemorse, 25-32 cm long by 1.5-2 cm broad at the widest point, concolorous, armed along the margins with inequidistant, black-tipped spines, with 5-7 moderately conspicuous transverse veinlets 1-2 mm apart; lowermost leaflets smaller than the rest, linear-ovate, erect or reflexed and laxly swept across stem; acanthophylls 2.4-2.8 cm long. Inflorescence, very lightly papillose up to 30 cm long; peduncle 8-10 cm long; rachis 17-20 cm long, arching, sometimes straight, rachis bracts, finely to broadly acuminate, united at base to form a conspicuous sheathing bract, 3-5 mm long, decreasing distally; rachillae distichous, ca. 10 on each side, 10-14 cm long, decreasing distally, adnate for 5-8 mm of the inflorescence axis, arching, rarely straight, with 1-3 mm circular bracts subtending each dyad. Flowers not known. Fruit at maturity, 1-seeded, 2.3-2.8 cm long by 1.5-1.7 cm broad, broadly cylindrical, with 16 vertical rows of scales. Seed compressed, 2 cm long by 1.2 cm wide by 0.7 cm thick, flattened on one side, embryo lateral, raised opposite flattened side.
Eremospatha barendii is known only from two locations near Lolodorf, Cameroon.